Back in October 2015, I had the opportunity to visit Bhubaneswar, India for business. After our work day, we had the opportunity to visit the Udayagiri Jain Caves. Located on the northwest side of town, these caves were carved into the sandstone hill starting in the first century B.C. as dwelling retreats for devotees of the Jain religion.
Jains practice extreme asceticism so the dwellings are sparse on the interior. Not so the exterior which has many detailed carvings and reliefs. Rani Gumpha or the Queen’s Cave is perhaps the most impressive.
There is a delightful carving of a tiger known as Bagh Gumpha. Yes, the “Tiger Cave.”
Udayagiri is part of a larger complex of caves and temples that includes caves and temples on Khandagiri hill. This is a view looking across to Khandagiri temple.
Small Elephant Cave has beautiful carved elephants.
The sleeping accommodations were spartan.
The decoration, on the other hand, is quite impressive.
Sleeping cells are set back.
All sorts of decoration surround the sleeping cells.
The setting Sun turned the rock golden.
Of course, monkeys were everywhere.